The Boston Tea Party caused considerable property damage and infuriated the British government. It was intended to benefit the East India Company by giving them the exclusive right to sell tea in the colonies, creating a monopoly which the colonists perceived as another means of “taxation without representation” . On December 16, 1773 one hundred Bostonians disguised as American Indians boarded British ships anchored in the harbor and dumped 342 chests of tea that belonged to the East India Company. The tea act was the act of the American colonists rebelling against the British for taxation without representation on tea, it was also an act of freedom from Britain. Recognizing that the Stamp Act was a lost cause, Parliament repealed it in 1766. Although many colonists continued to refuse to drink tea out of principle, many others resumed partaking of the beverage, though some of them salved their conscience by drinking smuggled Dutch tea, which was generally cheaper than legally imported tea.The American consumption of smuggled tea hurt the finances of the East India Company, which was already struggling through economic hardship. The act allowed the tea to go directly to America instead of having to be imported to Britain and then re-exported to the colonies. Boston Tea Party, precursor to the American Revolution in which 342 chests of tea belonging to the British East India Company were thrown into Boston Harbor by American patriots disguised as Mohawk Indians on December 16, 1773. The senseless destruction of private property by a group of hooligans shocked the English merchant class. Instead of placating the colonies by repealing the Tea Act, the British government decided to punish Boston and the people of Massachusetts with a series of acts which became known as the Intolerable Acts or the Coercive Acts. A new act of Parliament, designed to help a struggling trading company, would next fuel the growing conflict between the American colonies and the British government. Contrary to popular belief, the Quartering Act did not force colonists to house British soldiers in their own homes. The East India Company, once one of England’s oldest and most successful trading companies, faced economic collapse in the years following the Seven Years War. The Tea Act, passed by Parliament on May 10, 1773, would launch the final spark to the revolutionary movement in Boston. The British Parliament passed the Tea Act in May 1773. Although it was a private concern, the company played an integral role in Britain’s imperial economy and served as its conduit to the riches of the East Indies. Parliament did not, however, renounce its right to tax the colonies or otherwise enact legislation over them. See Also: 10 Facts about Russian Revolution. Cooper. Relevance. They refused to buy any tea sold from England, which was the only company allowed to sell tea in the colonies. In 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, the first direct, internal tax that it had ever levied on the colonists. In 1763, the British Empire emerged as the victor of the Seven Years’ War (1756-63). If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. The act retained the duty on imported tea at its existing rate, but, since the company was no longer required to pay an additional tax in England, the Tea Act effectively lowered the price of the East India Company’s tea in the colonies. Tea was being sold more widely in England by 1657, in London’s existing coffee houses, but it was called Tcha, China Drink, Tay or Tee, and was generally sold as a remedy to cure all ills; from fatigue and lack of virility to overall poor health and diseases of all kinds, and it was expensive. After the British government rejected their arguments, the colonists resorted to physical intimidation and mob violence to prevent the collection of the stamp tax. The act, which imposed a tax on all paper documents in the colonies, came at a time when the British Empire was deep in debt from the Seven Years' War (1756-63) and more, The Boston Tea Party was a political protest that occurred on December 16, 1773, at Griffin’s Wharf in Boston, Massachusetts. See more. The Tea Act gave the East India Company a monopoly on the sale of tea, which made it cost about half of what the colonists were spending for their contraband tea. In most colonies, the elective assemblies paid the governors’ salaries, and losing that power of the purse would greatly enhance the power of the royally appointed governors at the expense of representative government. This act eliminated the customs duty on the company’s tea and permitted its direct export to America. more, From 1774 to 1789, the Continental Congress served as the government of the 13 American colonies and later the United States. British settlers in America were initially r… The colonists resiste… Once again, colonial resistance had undermined the new system of taxation, and once again, the British government bowed to reality without abandoning the principle that it had rightful authority to tax the colonies. Due to protests from British merchants, whose trade was seriously effected by the American colonists refusing to buy the goods, Parliament repealed all of the duties (taxes) - except the tax on tea. Tensions had been building for many years between residents of the 13 American colonies and the British authorities, particularly in Massachusetts. This would undercut their claim that only colonial legislatures could tax the colonies. This was in response to the colonists hurting British companies by drinking smuggled tea. Parliament responded with the Coercive Acts of 1774, which colonists came to call the Intolerable Acts. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Lord North's policy . It reinforced a tea tax in the American colonies. A previous crisis had been averted in 1770 when all the Townshend Acts duties had been lifted except that on tea, which had been mainly supplied to the Colonies since then by Dutch smugglers. in India) so there was no tax collection in the colonies. “Boston Tea Party.”, The History of North America. Moderates within Great Britain who had long supported the colonists turned decisively against them. The Coercive Acts and American Independence. The American colonists faced many challenges in their daily live; none of these challenges were unnecessary and cruel as the taxation acts imposed upon them by the British crown. The Tea Act: The Catalyst of the Boston Tea Party. The fact that the agents commissioned by the company to sell its tea included a number of pro-Parliament men only added fuel to the fire.The Tea Act revived the boycott on tea and inspired direct resistance not seen since the Stamp Act crisis. The principal objective was to reduce the massive amount of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive. All significant Things regarding. All Rights Reserved. Moreover, many of them also harassed the authorized consignees of the company. W.D. Act that permitted the East India Company to ship tea from its warehouses in Britain without paying the duty. Though the company’s tea was still subject to the Townshend tax, dropping the customs duty would allow the East … The opposition of the Tea Act was conducted by the artisans, smugglers, and merchants. Administered by the Jamestown-Yorktown Foundation, an agency of the Commonwealth of Virginia that is accredited by the American Alliance of Museums. By allowing the East India Company to sell tea directly in the American colonies, the Tea Act cut out colonial merchants, and the prominent and influential colonial merchants reacted with anger. The Tea Act, passed by Parliament on May 10, 1773, granted the British East India Company Tea a monopoly on tea sales in the American colonies. They were apparently forced to buy only the ones from the East Indian Company. The Results to the effect were through the Leaflets of us reviewed, before we then the User insights in detail view. If you study the history, you must know the Boston Tea Party. Lv 7. In 1767, Charles Townshend (1725-67), Britain’s new chancellor of the Exchequer (an office that placed him in charge of collecting the government’s revenue), proposed a law known as the Townshend Revenue Act. The target was the Tea Act of May 10, 1773, which allowed the British East India Company to sell tea from China in American colonies without paying taxes apart from those imposed by the Townshend Acts. The British government swiftly reacted to the Boston Tea Party. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. In Massachusetts, however, the Royal Governor refused to allow the ships carrying the company’s tea to leave the harbor without first paying the duty on the tea. The Tea Act made East India Company tea much cheaper than smuggled Dutch tea.As East India Company tea was also of a higher quality than Dutch tea,the colonists involved in smuggling Dutch tea … Significance of the Tea Act of 1773. Many colonial leaders feared that the colonists would buy the company’s tea if it made it to shore and submit to the payment of the tea tax. In 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, the first direct, internal tax that it had ever levied on the colonists. Tea only made its way to England in large quantities in the first years of the 17th century. The most spectacular action occurred in Boston, Massachusetts, where on December 16, 1773, a well-organized group of men dressed up as Native Americans and boarded the company ships. Patriot mobs intimidated the company’s agents into resigning their commissions. In an effort to save the troubled enterprise, the British Parliament passed the Tea Act in 1773. The act also made allies of merchants and patriot groups like the Sons of Liberty. The Tea Act, approved by the British Parliament on May 10, 1773, actually placed no new tax on tea and was not designed to increase revenue. The act granted the company the right to ship its tea directly to the colonies without first landing it in England, and to commission agents who would have the sole right to sell tea in the colonies. Since Parliament had a long history of using duties to regulate imperial trade, Townshend expected that the colonists would acquiesce to the imposition of the new taxes. But response to the Intolerable Acts began to unify the colonies instead. The tax identification number is 31-1618642. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The act was not intended to raise revenue in the American colonies, and in fact imposed no new taxes. He was the second cousin of John Adams and the more, 1. The company enjoyed many friends in the government, and responding to pleas for governmental assistance, the British Parliament passed the Tea Act in May 1773 to help the company. significance to the colonists of the Tea Act and the Coercive Acts Why did these particular acts see so galling to the American Colonists? The British thought that this would be a good way of forcing the colonists to pay the tea tax and still pay less money overall for the tea. For more Awareness, how CBD tea supplier Ever acts, a look at the Studienlage to the Ingredients. In the l8th century, the British proudly based their national identity on the twin pillars of international trade and the rule of law. Unfortunately, the Americans were not at all pleased with this move. The repeal of the majority of the Townshend Act took the wind out of the sails of the colonial boycott. The Townshend Acts were a series of measures, passed by the British Parliament in 1767, that taxed goods imported to the American colonies. The colonists resisted the new tax, arguing that only their own elective colonial assemblies could tax them, and that “taxation without representation” was unjust and unconstitutional. The company enjoyed many friends in the government, and responding to pleas for governmental assistance, the British Parliament passed the Tea Act in May 1773 to help the company. The Tea Act was important because it led to the Boston Tea Party, an important event leading up the American Revolution. Made the tea cheaper and would make colonists purchase it, but also pay the tax on it. After the Tea Act was passed, colonists boycotted tea. The American Revolution had begun. Angry mobs, like the Sons of Liberty, in Philadelphia and New York forced ships carrying the company’s tea to return to England without unloading. A glut of tea and a diminished American market had left the company with tons of tea leaves rotting in its warehouses. In response to the Boston Tea Party, Parliament attempted to punish Boston and isolate the colonies. They were protesting a tax on tea … The act also allowed the British East India Company to have a monopoly on the tea trade there. But American colonists, who had no representation in Parliament, saw the Acts as an abuse of power. The Significance of the Tea Act, Essay Example. The British government granted the company a monopoly on the importation and sale of tea in the colonies. Summer Teacher Institute for Virginia Teachers, American Revolution Museum at Yorktown: The Transformation, African Americans and the American Revolution, FOCUSED: A Century of Virginia Indian Resilience, 18th National Exhibition of the American Society of Marine Artists, TENACITY: Women in Jamestown and Early Virginia, Blast from the Past: Artillery in the War of Independence, AfterWARd: The Revolutionary Veterans Who Built America. Tea Act, (1773), in British American colonial history, legislative maneuver by the British ministry of Lord North to make English tea marketable in America. The men smashed open the chests of tea and dumped their contents into Boston Harbor in what later came to be known as the Boston Tea Party. While British soldiers remained in America and the Townshend duty on tea remained the law, moderates on both sides appeared to be gaining control. The Tea Act was a follow-up to the Revenue Act, that was one of the laws in the Townshend Acts which set new import duties (taxes) on British goods including paint, paper, lead, glass and tea. This act placed duties on a number of goods imported into the colonies, including tea, glass, paper and paint. This meant that the American colonists were not allowed to buy tea from any other source. In what way acts CBD tea supplierin fact? I was assigned to make and present a really short movie about the Tea Act in a U.S. history class a few years ago and I guess I wanted to save it somewhere. If Parliament expected that the lowered cost of tea would mollify the colonists into acquiescing to the Tea Act, it was gravely mistaken. The “tea partiers” were not protesting a tax hike, but a corporate tax break. The desperate attempt drastically reduced the price of their tea in order to attract a lot of buyers and to compete with the tea shipped from Holland. Parliament also appointed General Thomas Gage (1719-87), the commander in chief of British forces in North America, as the governor of Massachusetts. On March 22, 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act, imposing taxes on virtually all printed materials in the American colonies. Other colonists viewed the act as a Trojan horse designed to seduce them into accepting Parliament’s right to impose taxes on them. Within the Tea Act, Parliament granted the East India company a monopoly (the only business in a specific trade or product) over the American tea trade.