Then Tuesday afternoon she started to go back downhill and has been either staying the same or progressing a little worse. Other causes include improper feeding, feeding too much grain, or anything that disrupts the health and well being of rumen microbes, such as chronic or acute acidosis or indigestion. I have a goat that I am treating for polio and is not responding yet, he is having worse tremors now and I think he is going blind is it too late should I euthanise him or will he recover? PEM is a common nutritional disorder in sheep and goats that commonly leads to mortality without intervention. I had a goat go blind and she was near death, she made a complete recovery. Signs of polio vary. Information provided is general in nature and is provided without guarantee as to results. Remember, early treatment is the key. Polioencephalomalacia (PEM) was first reported in 1956 and was described as a neurologic disorder of cattle characterized by blindness, ataxia, recumbancy and seizures. Also I gave her 10g of Probias morning and night. Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, is normally produced by bacteria in the rumen of cattle and sheep on well-balanced roughage diets. An increase in Goat Polio occurs in North America during winter, when the availability of forage and quality hay is low and … Come Monday afternoon she seemed to be getting better. Vitamin B complex formulations can be purchased containing thiamine, but it is highly recommended that producers have a bottle of concentrated thiamine on hand (250 to 500 mg/mL) at all times. Producers should work with their DVM to specify a treatment plan and to be sure to have a bottle of concentrated thiamine on hand at all times. A common name for this disease in sheep and goats is “polio”; however, it has absolutely no relationship with the infectious viral disease found in humans (poliomyelitis). If you wait, by 2-3 days it will be too late. Cases of a rare disease similar to polio are increasing across the country, particularly in young people and children. illness defined by a collection of symptoms that generally occur at least 10-20 years after infection with the polio virus All rights reserved. In cases that are more advanced, thiamine therapy may not be able to overcome brain trauma that has occurred and euthanasia may be indicated. 1. Adults and young animals are equally at high risk for developing the disorder. The dosage interval of 48 hours, recommended for calves when an. Prevention of enterotoxemia is far more likely to be successful than trying to treat the disease.Enterotoxemia is a frequently severe disease of sheep and g… When I did my routine check, she was “down” in her hindquarters. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. God Bless. Amprolium effectively competes with thiamine for uptake into the brain which therefore can induce PEM. In circumstances when PEM becomes common such as in feedlot lambs that are in transition to a high or exclusively grain diet, the risk may be reduced by providing adequate dietary fiber. The gift of a she-goat can result in self-sufficiency for a polio survivor. If unsure, it is It is common for the pupils to be dilated and for the eyes to tear. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. The animal will excrete anything it doesn’t use. production. The most common cause of PEM is thiamine deficiency. Use 1.5ml/25# body weight or 6ml per 100# body weight of 300,000 Iu/ml. Sue, I will share your question with a couple goat breeders. Over the years I’ve received many calls about ill goats with polio-like symptoms. (Goat Polio) Introduction Polioencephalomalacia (PEM) is a common metabolic disorder characterized by neuro-muscular alterations of goats that are thiamine deficient. Early blindness symptoms lead within hours to a day to loss of body control, inability to stand, and seizures. The other consequence is to encourage organisms that produce Thiaminases which catabolize or break down the Thiamine. Experts are still unsure what's causing the … Happily she recovered fully. Wild Polio Wiped Out In Africa — But Vaccine-Derived Polio Persists : Goats and Soda The Kick Polio Out of Africa Campaign began in 1996. The most common cause of PEM is thiamine deficiency. If you want to see more, simply hit subscribe. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. Goats. PEM can also be triggered by amprolium therapy for coccidiosis. Tetanus can be covered with 1cc of Tetanus antitoxin. Many cases of PEM response to prompt administration of thiamine (minimum dose of 10 mg/kg bodyweight). She was treated for tetanus, bacterial infection and Polio. Today, despite a worldwide effort to wipe out polio, poliovirus continues to affect children and adults in parts of Asia and Africa.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises taking precautions to protect yourself from polio i… What Is Polio? Polioencephalomalacia (also known as Cerebrocortical Necrosis) is thiamine (Vitamin B 1) deficiency. Thiamine deficiency reduces energy availability to the brain, which leads to a type of brain degeneration called polioencephalomalacia or PEM. Induction of PEM with amprolium in uncommon but not rare. PEM affects animals of all ages but is most common in young lambs and kids transitioning from a milk to solid diet, and especially so in those fed a high-grain diet. You won’t overdose. Animals with PEM may take several days to stand on their own, so it is important isolate all cases and provide supportive care to encourage water and feed consumption (provide both grain and forage free choice to encourage standing and feed consumption). 2. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. The carbohydrates are necessary to maintain healthy brain cells. Since the brain controls nearly all bodily functions, adequate thiamine levels in the brain are of critical importanc… Since the brain controls nearly all bodily functions, adequate thiamine levels in the brain are of critical importance for normal health and well-being. Inadequate thiamine levels are not the only cause of PEM in sheep and goats, but it is responsible for the vast majority of cases observed. Either way the result is Thiamine deficiency. The kids where just playing with him the night before! I have a kid that we are treating for polio she has had 2 shots now and is not responding yet, she is having worse tremors now and I think she has now gone blind is it too late should we euthanize her or is recover still possible 🙁 she is about 8 weeks and I believe it was caused by the stress of weaning her this last week. Brought to you by the Iowa Dairy Goat Association, a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization. There are no upcoming events at this time. In these cases, the first action should be to increase dietary fiber as a preventative measure. The effects of orally administered lead acetate were investigated in 9 adult and 3 kid goats by clinical and necropsy studies. Concentrated formulations of thiamine are a prescription product, so be sure to work with your veterinarian on any PEM treatment program. Subsequent brain edema occurs causing a variety of neurological symptoms. Required fields are marked *. Despite the name, this is an entirely different condition than human polio. It’s not possible to overdose the thiamin – if it is goat polio, perhaps he needs a bit more, and a bit more frequently, even every 6 hours, and keep it up until 24-36 hrs after he seems back to normal. Polio is a contagious viral illness that in its most severe form causes nerve injury leading to paralysis, difficulty breathing and sometimes death.In the U.S., the last case of naturally occurring polio was in 1979. QUICK LINK: Sulfur Calculator. Also you’ll probably want to deworm him and treat him for coccidia as the stress of the polio can cause other things to flare up, just be on the alert for that. We have a year old boer goat that we noticed on Sunday wasn’t acting right and starting to star gaze. Goat polio is a neurological disorder caused by disruption in Thiamine production in the body. The literature varies greatly on dose, route and frequency of treatment. Thiamine deficiency and/or high sulfur levels within the brain cause destruction of neurons and swelling of the brain which can be diagnosed by histological examination of brain tissue. Goats and Soda Polio Is Making A Comeback In Afghanistan the government, along with UNICEF and other aid agencies, is attempting to find new … Polio in Cattle can be Caused by Sulfur Toxicity. Treatment of the thiamine deficiency is simple. These doses are usually administered 10 to 14 days apart. In the winter my goats are on maintenance only. Your email address will not be published. PEM symptoms are similar regardless of age. I don’t believe he can use it orally, it has to be given as a shot for his body to process it. Sheep and goats also consume cruciferous or brassica forages such as turnips, rape, mustard and oil seed meals; products which can be high in sulfur as well. Goats need little minding. Addition of feed grade thiamine can also be made to the diet, but this therapy can be expensive and its efficacy has not been thoroughly evaluated in growing lambs or kids. Goat polio can effect any goat and can be fatal here is what I have learned first hand. PEM symptoms may present itself similarly to listeriosis and even ketosis. Thiamine is a B vitamin (vitamin B1) that plays a critical role in all cells, acting as a cofactor for several key enzymes involved in glucose metabolism. The official name for Goat Polio is "Polioencephalomalacia". Goats never get sick when the vet is in. This disorder may be acute or sub-acute in nature. Will that hurt him. He gets almost normal then becomes very weak again. My first experience with Polio was about ten years ago. Polioencephalomalacia (PEM) is an important neurologic disease of ruminants that is seen worldwide. Repeat injection daily for 2-3 days if necessary. Another consideration in situations of high PEM incidence would be to make sure that part or all this NDF is provided in a physical form that encourages rumination, such as forage with a chop length greater than 3 inches. better to treat the animal than risk losing the goat. Chlamydiosis is a major cause of abortion in goats. Star-gazing is very common early symptom. Thanks so much! I called a ruminant veterinarian at ISU and he suggested 5mg/ # IM or if the animal is extremely ill 5mg/# IM and IV simultaneously. Pygmy goats are reported to metabolise. Adult sheep and goats: When initiating vaccination for a given sheep or goat, all enterotoxemia/tetanus vaccines require two doses to induce effective immunity. Goat polio is usually seen in goats raised under intensive management conditions. Rumen motility remains normal. Thiamine is not produced in animal cells but is produced by rumen microbes, which provide the major source of thiamine to adult sheep and goats. Most of the literature talks of a winter disease, but actually, it is a year ’round disease. USDA-APHIS Scrapie Laws; Copper Nutrition in Goats; Polio in Goats; How-To’s. Neurological symptoms may include one or more of the following: weakness, staggering, tremors, blindness ( which may last several weeks after recovery), posturing, diarrhea, decreased appetite, increased aggression, increased temperature, increased respiratory rate, decreased heart rate or nystagmus (rapid eye movement). Should I also be giving b complex he has a very weak suckle but is getting a bottle every time he gets a shot and is taking 6 oz at those times he’s not blind but is weak in the legs can’t stand and was yesterday I started treatment today so he has had 2 doses and seems a little stronger.