MrBiggs Outlet:The very first and most ... ... Osundewap In vitro study indicated that the methanolic extract of M. oppositifolius (MEMO) leaves failed to inhibit lipid peroxidation induced by AAPH, while BHA offered 55.5% inhibition [62]. Traditionally, Chaya has been recommended for a number of ailments including diabetes, obesity, kidney stones, hemorrhoids, acne, and eye problems. Mordi and Akanji (2012) reported that vegetables which contain a number of phytochemicals with reduce anti-nutrients exalt health promoting effect. It has succulent stems which exude a milky sap, It supports SPERMATOGENESIS (formation of sperm cells in the testes), In the preface of the 3rd(1998) edition of Edible leaves of the tropic, Dr Franklin W. Martins ranks chaya as one of the top 5 perennial tropical leaf crop: “of the thousand of leafy vegetables available throughout the  tropics relatively few are great winners, and these should be emphasized first, It can be used to treat asthma, anemia, sore throat, infections, headaches, kidney and liver diseases. commonly known as ‘Efo Jerusalem’ or ‘Efo Iyana Ipaja’; in Niger Delta areas of Nigeria it is known as ‘Hospital Too Far’; in English, it is called ‘tree spinach’ and Colloquially referred to as ‘Chaya’ [22, 50, 49, 3, 67]. The shoot and leaves of C. aconitifolius are used as laxative, diuretic, circulation and lactation stimulants. Anti-inflammatory [62] and antimicrobial effects [63,93] of the plant have also been reported. The beans are used to produce castor oil, which is used in paints, varnishes, lubricants, and as purgative. The genius Cnidoscolus consist of 40 or more species, but only chayamansa refers to the vegetable chaya. The seeds are used for making jewelry and rosaries. Reply. The styles are as many as carpels, each style sometimes 2-branched. It is also used traditionally for the treatment of convulsion, epilepsy, parasitic eye and kidney infections, as a diuretic and painkiller, and in treatment of paralysis, spasm, headache, and swelling. Economic importance includes Aleurites fordii, tung oil and A. moluccana, candlenut oil; Hevea brasiliensis, the major source of natural rubber; Manihot esculentus, cassava/manioc, a very important food crop and the source of tapioca; Ricinus communis, the source of castor bean oil and the deadly poison ricin; and various oil, timber, medicinal, dye, and ornamental plants. Tree Spinach Or Chaya Leaves(Efo Iyana-ipaja Or Ugu Oyibo) ₦ 50. The major fatty acids in Jatropha oil consist of monounsaturated oleic (44%), polyunsaturated linoleic (33.3%) and saturated palmitic (14.7%) and stearic (6.7%) acids (Devappa et al., 2010). Purified castor oil has numerous uses. N.Aleurites moluccana, candle-nut tree. Osundewap: 1. Castor is indigenous to the Southeastern Mediterranean Basin, Eastern Africa and India, but is widespread throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions (Roger and Martyn, 1999). spinach’ in Mexico, ‘Efo Iyana Ipaja’ or ‘Efo Jerusalem’ in Southwest Nigeria and ‘Hospital Too Far’ in Niger Delta areas of Nigeria. Administration of the extract at 250, 500, and 1000 mg/kg body weight significantly (p<0.05) increased (p<0.05) the serum prolactin concentration whereas those of estradiol, progesterone, FSH and LH reduced significantly. There is no phylogeny within the tribe Euphorbieae. B.Euphorbia ingens, a stem-succulent plant. Gastrointestinal distress, abdominal pain, severe vomiting, bloody diarrhea, cessation of rumination, dullness, weakness, thirst, prostration, convulsion, uremia, and death may occur. This is exactly what summarizes the nefarious activities of a guy that works with Otunba Mike Adenuga Jnr’s telecoms company, Globacom. Chaya is excellent in knocking off free radicals and stemming the harm on vital organs resulting from oxidative stress, The natual essence in the leaves helps resolves vaginal issues and boosts vitality in men, HEALTH BENEFIT OF CHAYA(IYANA-IPAJA IN YORUBA). Toxicity can occur if the seeds and to a lesser extent foliage are ingested, but the hard outer coating should be damaged for allowing the release of ricin. It is an ornamental, evergreen, drought deciduous shrub of 3 to 5 m tall (4). The toxicity of raw castor beans is due to the presence of ricin [24], a naturally occurring lectin (a carbohydrate-binding protein). Some other names include Spinach Tree, Tread Softly, Cabbage Star, Chaya, Chicasquil, Devil nettle and Tree-spinach. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Ricin is so toxic that the amount contained in a single bean would kill a human in just a few minutes, and there is no antidote [24]. Miss. The Yoruba adage, which says, ‘Kokoro to nje efo, inu efo lo wa’, literarily meaning ‘the pest that is desecrating the flower, lives inside the flower’, is really phenomenal. 81, 203–238.] 6300 species. In vivo, MEMO increased (p<0.05) superoxide dismutase and catalase activities by 408.0% and 295.0%, respectively. Gard. Although the plant is mainly cultivated as food it has . Thursday, 01-Jan-70 01:00:00 WAT from web. Allergic reactions may occur for the seeds or occupational exposure to the castor oil. Kingston, in, Physical, Hematological, and Histopathological Signs of Toxicity Induced by African Medicinal Plants, Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants, Armando E. González-Stuart, José O. Rivera, in, Antioxidant Activity of African Medicinal Plants, Mikhail Olugbemiro Nafiu, ... Mutiu Idowu Kazeem, in, Toxicity and Beneficial Effects of Some African Plants on the Reproductive System, Yakubu Musa Toyin, ... Akanji Musbau Adewunmi, in, Pest Control Agents from Natural Products, Hayes' Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology (Third Edition), Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 2009, Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. (2005) for phylogenetic analyses. Wednesday, 28-Jun-17 06:56:14 WAT from Android. Hospital Too Far is a great source of protein, vitamins, calcium, and iron, ascorbic acid, and also a rich source of antioxidants. THE WONDERS OF THE VEGETABLE UTAZI(EFO – AROKEKE) & IT’S HEALTH BENEFITS. YorubaWiki,">, “You may be Disappointed if you fail, but you are Doomed if you Never Try.”, The First Step to Overcome Fear is to”CHALLENGE YOURSELF WITH SOMETHING YOU KNOW YOU COULD NEVER DO, AND WHAT YOU’LL FIND IS THAT YOU CAN OVERCOME ANYTHING.”, Take Up One Idea Make that one idea your life–think of it, dream of it, live on that idea, Bí ajá wọ agbádá iná, tí àmọ̀tẹ́kùn wọ ẹ̀wù ẹ̀jẹ̀, tí ológìnní sán àkísà mọ̀ ìdí, ẹgbẹ́ apẹranjẹ ni wọ́n ńṣe, BLESSED ASSURANCE JESUS IS MINE (ODA MI LOJU, MO NI JESU!). Chaya traditionally has been recommended for a number of ailments including diabetes, obesity, kidney stones, hemorrhoids, acne, and eye problems (Diaz-Bolio 1975). To prevent further systemic absorption, gastric decontamination (emesis, lavage, and activated charcoal) should be considered depending on the time of ingestion. It was spread by Portuguese seafarers to West Africa in the form of flour and first cultivated in 1558 in the Congo basin (Carter et al., 1995), from where it spread to other countries like Guinea, Sierra Leone, Angolan Coast and Congo River, Mozambique and Kenya (Carter et al., 1995). E-F.Euphorbia milii, crown-of-thorns. Synopsis of the genera and suprageneric taxa of Euphorbiaceae. Significant fluid losses may ensue, accompanied by tachycardia and hypotension. Also known as Tree Spinach, it is called ‘Efo Iyana-Ipaja’ by the Yorubas and ‘Ugu Oyibo’ by the Igbos. J. Euphorbiaceae or the spurge family is one of the largest and genetically diverse plant family with nearly 322 genera and 8,910 species, ranging from large woody trees to simple weeds (Mwine and Van Damme, 2011) and includes economically important species like Jatropha curcas, Manihot esculenta (cassava), Ricinus communis (castor bean) and Hevea brasiliensis (rubber tree) (Mwine and Van Damme, 2011). Do not throw this away as it is a good source of nutrients. Jatropha curcas or physic nut, a drought resistant shrub with a height of 3–5 m and an average life of 50 years is grown for harvesting the 30%–40% semi-dry toxic oil contained in its seeds, which can be used for the production of biofuel (Vollmann and Laimer, 2013; Maghuly and Laimer, 2013; Makkar et al., 2009). In a recent study, the antioxidant properties of the methanolic extract of the leaves of M. oppositifolius, in comparison with BHA as a standard antioxidant, using three free radical generators, namely, hydrophilic radical generator 2,2-azobis(2-amidino propane) dihydrochloride (AAPH), hydrophobic radical generator 2,2-azobis(2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile) (AMVN), and hydroxyl radical and nonspecific radical generator Fe2+/ascorbate system in an in vitro, in vivo, and ex vivo model systems, were performed. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, Biotechnology of Euphorbiaceae (Jatropha curcas, Manihot esculenta, Ricinus communis), Vollmann and Laimer, 2013; Maghuly and Laimer, 2013; Makkar et al., 2009, Ramkat, 2013; Valdes-Rodriguez et al., 2013, Diversity and Classification of Flowering Plants: Eudicots, M.I. The flowers are unisexual, actinomorphic, rarely zygomorphic, bracteate in some, hypogynous. Jatropha is planted on an estimated 1.5 mio ha in Indonesia, on 100–200,000 ha in China, 20,000 ha in Brazil, 120,000 ha in Africa (mainly in Madagascar and Zambia) and has a huge potential in India and other tropical countries (Carels, 2013; Brittaine and Lutaladio, 2010). L.Euphorbia ingens, simple dichasium of cyathia, the central one in fruit. In addition, while AMVN-induced lipid peroxidation was inhibited by 17.7% and 29.4% by MEMO and BHA, respectively, Fe2+/ascorbate system-induced lipid peroxidation was inhibited by 57.9% and 78.9% by MEMO and BHA, respectively. (Everitt J.N. The operatives of the Rapid Response Squad, RRS, of the Lagos Police Command and the Iyana Ipaja Area Command on Wednesday morning arrested 20 suspected hoodlums over gang war which erupted at Iyana-Ipaja area of Lagos, Southwest Nigeria on Tuesday. There is often a lag time of 2–10 h from ingestion until symptoms development. RTA is an N-glycoside hydrolase composed of 267 amino acids [75]. The tree (Aleurites moluccanus—Euphorbiaceae) is originally from Indonesia and the Moluccas Islands, hence one of its common names, but is now cultivated in South America, especially in Brazil.17,44 Various ads on the Internet erroneously mention that this tree is native to the Amazon region. Gard. See Wurdack and Chase, 2002) and Wurdack et al. efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba) is commonly found growing in western Nigeria. M.Manihot esculenta, cassava. Chaya shoots and leaves have been taken as a laxative, diure... Lagos State, Kosofe, YESTERDAY, 17:30 – Feeds, Supplements & Seeds 2. Ground floor has 16 rooms all on one full plot of land at araromi bus stop area of iyana ipaja it is about 3 houses to the express. Mrs Silifat Adeyemo, widow of Mr Rotimi Adeyemo, an officer of Lagos State Traffic Management Authority (LASTMA) allegedly killed by the disbanded Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS), on Saturday pleaded for scholarship for her children. Fruit is a capsule covered with soft prickles that contains three hard, shiny, brown seeds. Nectaries are often present. Aids digestion Consuming chaya can help cure constipation as it stimulates the digestive system to smoothen defecation process. Fatemeh Maghuly, ... Margit Laimer, in Applied Plant Genomics and Biotechnology, 2015. TRANSLATION Whoever is scared of falling down, will find it difficult to... YORUBA PROVERB Àìrìn jìnnà làìrí abuké ọ̀kẹ́rẹ́; báa bá dé igbó tó tó igbó, àá rí ẹranko tó ńtiro TRANSLATION Your inability to travel far... Yoruba Proverb Ohun tó ṣe àkàlàmàgbò tó fi dẹ́kun ẹ̀rin rínrín, tó bá ṣe igúnnugún, á wokoko mọ́ orí ẹyin ni. In Yoruba, the Chaya leaf is called ‘Efo Iyana-Ipaja’ and the Igbos call it ‘Ugu Oyibo’. Relationships among members of the Euphorbiaceae, based on morphological characters [Levin, G. A., and Simpson, M. G. (1994). Succulent Euphorbia species are major components of plant communities in southern Africa, as well as important ornamental cultivars. The gynoe-cium is syncarpous, with a superior ovary, 3 [2–∞] carpels and locules. It can also been converted by transesterification into biodiesel fuel. August 1, 2020. Ẹni tó ńbẹ̀rù àti á¹£ubú, àti dìde á nira fún un . The B-chain allows the entry of ricin into the cytosol, facilitating the penetration across the gastrointestinal wall. M. oppositifolius is a shrub of the family Euphorbiaceae that grows in many parts of Africa. Chaya traditionally has been recommended for a number of ailments including diabetes, obesity, kidney stones, hemorrhoids, acne, and eye problems (Diaz-Bolio 1975). Called ‘efo Iyana-ipaja’ by the Yorubas and ‘ugu oyibo’ by the Igbos, some of its health benefits are: Cures skin blisters and scratches Blisters on the skin can be cured by squeezing the juice from the leaves and applying to the affected skin. However, Ricinus communis is classified as the most poisonous plant on earth for humans [24]. Thus, the development of rapid, highly sensitive chemical and biological/immunological analytical methods capable of detecting the toxin at or below ng/ml level is imperative (see, for example, Kalb and Barr, 2009; Lubelli et al., 2006; Uzawa et al., 2008). It is an ornamental, evergreen, droughtdeciduous shrub of 3–5 m tall. Its leaf, root, and seed oil are used in inflammation treatment, liver disorders, hypoglycemic, and as a laxative [68,69] [66]. 127 Houses in Ipaja (Lagos) from ₦ 96,000. Ricin is considered as a chemical warfare. best place to buy cialis online reviews – super cialis 24 cialis, order cialis 20 mg cialis prices cialis prices, cialis 80mg pills cialis 80mg uk cialis without a doctor prescription, dissertation law short research paper best quality essay writing service, essay writing uk rubrics for essay writing gre writing essay questions, buy book review essays written writing the essay, generic cialis pills – viagra overnight best generic cialis, physician job description and salary, spinach (English), efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba) is commonly found growing in western part of Nigeria. continued to be an im portant m edicinal p lant. FIGURE 8.35. The large (32 cm long and 30 cm wide) palmate lobed leaves are alternately arranged. Improves glucose metabolism and prevents diabetes. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and cytotoxic activities of the plant was demonstrated [66,73]. Find the best offers for houses iyana ipaja lagos. Elizabeth A. Kellogg, in C4 Plant Biology, 1999. 81, 33–144.] Confirm. RESEARCH BY UNIOSUN DONS - COMMON VEGETABLE MAY OFFER CURE FOR SLEEPLESSNESS, ANXIETY To many people in Lagos and its environs, all that they know about tree spinach, commonly referred to as efo iyana ipaja is that it is like other vegetables. However, various antinutritional factors (trypsin inhibitors, phytate, saponins, lectins and phorbol esters) are present in the kernel meal of Jatropha, which make the seed cake and oil unsuitable for animal feed (Martinez-Herrera et al., 2010). Phytochemical screening of the extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, saponins, phenolics, tannins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, phlobatannins, and triterpenes. Castor bean originated in Eastern Africa based on the high diversity of plants found in Ethiopia (Foster et al., 2010), however this has not been directly tested. ( Log Out / CDLI was formerly Ipaja Community Link which was established by Development Impact For Nigeria (DIFN) a UK based Diaspora led development agency working in Nigeria mainly with a view to encourage the UK Diaspora to partner in development projects in Nigeria primarily through volunteering. Or, drink it like a tea. Bi a ba n gun yan ninu odo ti a n se obe ninu epo epa eni ma yo ayo. Treatment is largely symptomatic and supportive. Michael G. Simpson, in Plant Systematics (Second Edition), 2010, Spurge family (after Euphorbus, physician to the king of Mauritania, 1st century). The perianth is biseriate, uniseriate, or absent, generally 5-merous. The Euphorbiaceae are distinctive in having unisexual flowers with a superior, usually 3-carpellate ovary with 1 ovule per carpel, apical-axile in placentation, many taxa with red, yellow, or usually white (“milky”) latex, the Euphorbioideae alone with reduced staminal flowers, some with a characteristic cyathium inflorescence. However, ricin has been used as a poison for criminal and terrorist purposes. Mordi and Akanji (2012) reported that vegetables which contain a number of phytochemicals with reduce anti-nutrients exalt health promoting effect. By Henry Ojelu. Although Jatropha is toxic, it is one of the most valuable crude drugs of primitive times and is still widely used in medicine (Soomro and Memon, 2007) as a remedy for alopecia, burns, eczema, inflammation, paralysis and yellow fever. The large (32 cm long and 30 cm wide) palmate lobed leaves are alternately arranged. This dude is sure playing […] István Ujváry, in Hayes' Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology (Third Edition), 2010. The Euphorbiaceae consist of monoecious or dioecious, herbs, shrubs, vines, or trees, latex present in some major groups. Chaya is a leaf well known in Nigeria as ‘Hospital Too far’ and ‘Miracle Leaf’ is a leafy vegetable that originally comes from Mexico but can be well found in the southeastern part of Nigeria. Kingston, in Comprehensive Natural Products II, 2010, Plants of the Euphorbiaceae family and particularly members of the Euphorbia genus have long been known to yield latexes with irritant and carcinogenic properties and these properties have been associated with diterpenes of the phorbol class.113 Members of the Euphorbia genus also contain diterpenes with other skeletons, among them the ingenane derivative PEP005 (38).114,115, The sap of the plant Euphorbia peplus is used in Australia for the treatment of skin cancers and there is preliminary evidence to support its efficacy.116 The active agent of this sap was identified as PEP005117 and topical applications of this compound, also known as PEP005, cured a series of subcutaneous mouse and human tumors on mice. In the western part of Nigeria it is called different names such as Efo Iyana-Ipaja and Efo Jerusalem, while in the Niger Delta of Nigeria; it has been nick-named “Hospital Too Far” because of its numerous health benefits. Because the leaves have been boiled, the liquid is safe to use or drink. Notices. Gordon M. Cragg, ... David G.I. Ann. Called ‘efo Iyana-ipaja’ by the Yorubas and ‘ugu oyibo’ by the Igbos, some of its health benefits are: Cures skin blisters and scratches Blisters on the skin can be cured by squeezing the juice from the leaves and applying to the affected skin. Chaya leaf with a botanical name Cnidoscolus aconitifolius, also known as  Tree Spinach, some called it Miracle Plant, “hospital too far in Pidgin”, Iyana-Ipaja in  Yoruba, Ugu-Oyibo in  Igbo,also called ‘ogwu obala’, belongs to the family of Euphorbiaceae, is a large, fast-growing leafy perennial shrub that is believed to have originated in the Yucatan Peninsla of Mexico  It has succulent stems which exude a milky sap when cut. Asides from this two vegetables, there are still some leafy vegetables that are been utilize by the Yoruba people among which are elegede, Cnidoscolous aconitifolius, Commonly called tree spinach, efo iyana ipaja, or efo Jerusalem (Yoruba), efo amunututu etc. Placentation is apical-axile and pendulous, with an obturator (a protuberance from the funic-ulus or placenta at the base of the ovule); ovules are anatropous or hemitropous, bitegmic, 1 per carpel. The goals are to improve perfusion by aggressive fluid resuscitation, vasopressor therapy, and replenishing electrolytes. (2005) recognized nine mono-phyletic infrafamilial groups, including the newly recognized subfamilies Peroideae and Cheilosoideae and a monophyletic Euphorbioideae; the traditional Acalyphoideae and Croto-noideae are paraphyletic. When the pepper mix has boiled through, in a pot, heat up palm oil and fry chopped onions till it softens, then you add the pepper and fry till it starts to take on the look of well fried stew. RESIDENTS of Iyana-Ipaja living along the Lagos-Abeokuta Expressway will not forget in a hurry the inferno that woke them up from sleep in the early hours of Tuesday. Chamaesyce is also similar to Pedilanthus and possibly the genus Cubanthus (Webster, 1994), other segregates of Euphorbia. Chaya a wonderful source of protein, vitamins, calcium, and iron and also a rich source of antioxidants. Ricinus communis acute poisoning episodes in humans are the result of oral ingestion of castor beans, five to twenty of which could prove fatal to an adult. Jatropha is interesting, due to its ability to grow under rainfall regimes and tropical humid conditions (Makkar et al., 2009) and its capacity of reclaiming marginal soils and degraded land by exploring the soil through an adequate root system and providing shadow to the soil as well as reducing risks of erosion and desertification (Openshaw, 2000). The glycoprotein was obtained in pure, crystalline form in 1958 (reviewed by Balint, 1974; Olsnes, 2004). Reply. The fruit is a schizocarp, drupe, berry, or samara. The 2007 edition of Guinness World Records also ranks Ricinus communis as the most poisonous plant in the world. Ricinus communis L. (Euphorbiaceae), commonly known as castor oil plant, is a soft wooden small tree developed throughout tropics and warm temperature regions [66]. Historically castor bean has been cultivated as an agricultural crop for the oil derived from its seeds containing 40%–60% toxic oil with numerous industrial and cosmetic uses (Foster et al., 2010). When you boil Chaya leaves, much of the vitamin C ends up in the cooking water. chaya should never be cooked or stored in aluminium foil as it can produce a toxic reaction. HEALTH BENEFIT OF CHAYA(EFO IYANA-IPAJA) 5 months ago yorubawiki .