The average minimum temperature is 43° F in January, and the average maximum temperature is 98° in July. In 1982 only 2 percent of the county's labor force was employed in manufacturing and the county had only three manufacturing establishments, each employing fewer than twenty people. A The Venado Indians, a Coahuiltecan hunting and gathering group, roamed the area in the 1700s. In the 1988 and 1992 presidential elections 82 percent of the county's voters cast ballots for the Democratic candidate. People Interested in Preserving Texas History A post office under the name of Mindiette operated there for less than a year in 1879, with Fabian Favela as postmaster. By Email - Jorge Gonzalez The county seat is San Diego. We created this eBook for you, and it was made possible through the contributions of our members and supporters. A second post office named Shaeffer after a local rancher opened in 1883 with John F. Leo Phelan as postmaster. In 1959, for example, there were 716 farms, averaging 1,056 acres; in 1969 there were 825 farms, averaging 1,198 acres; and in 1982 there were 1,074 farms, averaging 904 acres. In 2002 the county had 1,228 farms and ranches covering 850,360 acres, 74 percent of which were devoted to pasture, 19 percent to crops, and 5 percent to woodlands. The famous Box 13, which gave Johnson his eighty-seven-vote victory, was actually in Jim Wells County, but the manipulation of the returns was almost certainly directed by Parr. The political history of Duval County is indeed a colorful one, but it is only a part of a very interesting story. Duval County Texas. Duval County History takes place in 1822. The county's mineral resources include caliche, clay, salt domes, sandstone, uranium, oil, and gas. Guide to Duval County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. While beef cattle generated most of the area’s agricultural income, dairy products and cotton, vegetable, grains, and hay were also produced in the county. 1-40. © Copyright The oil boom in Duval County did not last. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records. Community See All. 5 out of 5 stars. Duval County, Texas By Alfredo E. Cardenes. The population of the county in 1870 was 1,083; in 1880,5,732; in 1890, 7,598; in 1900, 8,483; and in 1910, 8,964. A In 1982 Duval County ranked ninth in the state in the production of peaches, with 9,500 bushels, and third in the state in the production of dry cowpeas and dry southern peas, with 24,460 bushels. Luby was part of an influx of Anglos that also included Walter W. Meek, Sr., who had come to Duval County after the Civil War and helped make it the sheep ranching capital of Texas. Two highways cross the county diagonally: U.S. Highway 59 and State Highway 359. The total value of almost 44,000 acres of ranches recently listed for sale in Duval County, Texas, was about $108 million. But Parr ultimately prevailed after his fellow senators decided not to examine too closely the irregularities that had characterized Parr's dubious electoral victory over Glasscock. Forgot account? Professor of American History The University of Texas With the Assistance of Ernest William Winkler, M.A. Benavides School Yearbooks (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) ($) Freer School Yearbooks (Source: Explore Ancestry for free) ($) Slaves, slave owners, and slavery in general - information . The growing season averages 298 days annually. Tourists, attracted by such spectacles as Freer's annual Rattlesnake Roundup in April and Old Fiddlers Contest in July, spent $3,519,000 in Duval County in 1982. Arnoldo De León, A Social History of Mexican Americans in Nineteenth Century Duval County (San Diego, Texas: Duval County Commissioners Court, n.d.). Source: A History of Texas and Texans by Frank W. Johnson, A Leader in the Texas Revolution Edited and Brought to Date by Eugene C. Barker, Ph.D. These chapters deal with the county’s Prehistory, Los Indios, Los Mexicanos, Los Españoles, Medio Mexico, and Los Americanos. The perpetrators of the so-called "Great Raid of '78" were never caught. The U.S. Census counted 11,533 people living in Duval County in 2014; about 10 percent were Anglo and 88.5 percent Hispanic. There is a fee for each copy requested. The census enumerators in 1910 found 34,652 cattle; about 7,000 horses and mules; less than 2,000 sheep, and 7,297 goats, much attention having been given to the latter industry. At least part of the overall decline can be attributed to the problematic nature of the local economy. With the diminishing importance of cotton, other crops assumed prominence at various times. By 1950, however, the amount of harvested cropland and the number of farms had dropped to 50,675 acres and 711 respectively, but the average farm had grown to 1,632 acres. The northern part of the county drains into the Nueces River, while the central and southern parts drain into the Laguna Madre through Baffin Bay. But then I hit a brick wall with a chapter called El Terreno having to do with land titles. The county's center point is nine miles northwest of Benavides at 27°42' north latitude and 98°30' west longitude. Through the establishment of Pat Dunn and Lanham counties he apparently hoped to increase the patronage jobs and tax revenue at his disposal, but he was foiled both times. A Brief History Prior to 1979 the Texas Constitution required all property owners to pay property taxes. Duval County is a county located in the State of Florida. A party of Anglos chose the latter option, attacked the outlaw's camp, and scattered the rustlers. Yet his power did not go unchallenged. San Diego has always been the chief center of population, estimated at between 1,500 and 2,000 for the past twenty years. Also in 1848 Henry Lawrence Kinney and William Leslie Cazneau cut a road from Corpus Christi to Laredo that passed through San Diego. / "A Brief Account of the Development of Benavides, Texas." Duval County lies In the southwest part of Texas; San Diego, the county seat. No thank you, I am not interested in joining. In that year tenants operated 843 of the county's 1,241 farms, which averaged 579 acres. Duval County, Texas Residential Property Valuation Duval County, Texas Assessor Parcel Maps – Public Information & Property Records – Duval County Where can find Duval County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records? 23 Remarkable Conditions in Duval County: Protest By Citizens Against Proposed Division, Privately printed pamphlet can be found in the Eugene C. Barker Texas History Center, Circa 1915. pp. The largest communities are San Diego (population 4,417, with 3,247 inhabitants in Duval County and the rest in Jim Wells County) and Freer, with 2,791 residents. The Texas Legislature established Duval County on February 1, 1858, naming it for Burr H. Duval, a soldier in the Texas Revolution who died in the Goliad Massacre. The first six chapters got me off to a fast start. 37 check-ins. George Parr, the "Duke of Duval," and his cronies became more deeply entrenched than ever, despite his imprisonment in 1936 for tax evasion. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 864,263. In the late nineteenth century Anglos made up less than 10 percent of the county's population but controlled most of the county's trade and politics. Our Duval County native son sharing some intriguing Duval County history. Master Theses, Antioch College, Lincoln-Juarez Center, Undated. Duval County, Florida Duval County Education, Geography, and History. Texas State Librarian, Vol. In the same year forty-nine square miles in the southwest corner of the original Duval was attached to the new County of Jim Hogg. It is named for Juan de Ugalde, the Spanish governor of Coahuila.Uvalde County was founded by Reading Wood Black who also founded the city of Uvalde, Texas. It is noteworthy that the original county, in spite of the preponderance of the live stock industry and of its vast comparative area, reported less cattle and other stock, according to the official statistics of the last census, than many counties smaller in area and claiming no special distinction in live stock production. Shortly thereafter, Parr made two additional attempts to divide Duval County. On this date in 1948, Box 13 in Duval County provided Lyndon Johnson the victory margin as the gangly congressman from Johnson City won a hotly contested Senate race by … Parr was elected to the Duval County Commissioners Court in 1898, but he did not become the dominant figure in local politics until the assassination of the Duval County Democratic chieftain John Cleary in 1907. The courthouse was designed by Sanguinet, Staats, & Gottlieb , a successful and influential architecture firm in Texas. The White influx led to the county's most enduring characteristic: a vast Mexican-American majority held in thrall by a small but wealthy and influential White minority. In 1918 D. W. Glasscock, with the support of Governor William P. Hobby and the Texas Rangers, came close to ending Parr's political career. The county was founded in 1858 and later organized in 1876. Map of the South Texas Plains region covering Duval County, Texas. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. Be sure to browse our collection of historical pictures and check out the Soy de Duval Blog by Alfredo Cardenas. In 1812 Julián Flores and his son Ventura received the deeds to the San Diego de Arriba and San Diego de Abajo grants, totaling eighty leagues, from the Spanish government; herdsmen in their employ may have been the first European settlers in the county. In the early twenty-first century ranching, petroleum products and tourism were central elements of the area’s economy. County organization did not occur until eighteen years later. Duval County's climate has likely remained unchanged for centuries, but beginning in the late nineteenth century cattle ranching, which was the county's main industry, and farming have had significant effects on the county's vegetation and water supply. Font size: Duval County Public Schools is an equal opportunity school district. Freer holds a rattlesnake roundup in April. Duval County Historical Museum P.O. In 1910 Duval County had 42,397 acres of improved farmland and 633 farms, 249 of which were operated by tenants, averaging 805 acres. --Editor "I was born in Brackenridge Hospital, Austin and my parents lived on a farm that was the location of the former town of Duval, Texas. / As of the 2010 census, the county population was 11,782. History Museum in San Diego, Texas. That the county lacked the resources to become a major agricultural center was confirmed as far back as 1891 by Professor John T. Ellis of Oberlin College, who in October of that year chose the drought-ridden county as the site for an experimental attempt to produce rain by detonating explosives carried aloft by balloons. Texas History, Genealogy, Old Photos, Postcards, Maps, and Information. The rainfall averages about twenty-four inches. Interactive guide for accessing County resources, information and records. 905 people like this. Western Duval County is characterized by deep soils with loamy surface layers and loamy or clayey subsoils, and loamy soils with indurated caliche at shallow to moderate depths. It was named for William Pope DuVal, Territorial Governor of Florida from 1822 to 1834. Duval County was created in 1822. County created from Live Oak, Nueces, and Starr counties in 1858, organized in 1876; named for Burr H. Duval, a victim of Goliad massacre.