This short-lived perennial plant is usually treated as an annual for providing color in early-season flower beds, containers, and window boxes.Petals can be just about any color from white to almost black, and everything in between. But, depending on weather and the environment, if left to grow naturally without any pinching or pruning, some varieties will start blooming in the summer and grow quite tall and leggy. . Flowers very nicely as a spray. Then, either mulch the plants heavily with at least 4 to 6 inches of mulch or dig up a pot, and move the plants to a more protected spot in the garden for the winter. Make no mistake, chrysanthemums thrive in full sun. Other common names for these colorful fall characters are based on the shortened version (\"mums\") of the genus name. When selecting varieties, there's wide range of types to pick from: decorative, daisy, and low-growing cushion mums as well as early-blooming anemones, quills, and spiders. When fully open, it has a large cushion in the middle. It does well grown as a spray out in the open field. Beautiful and inspiring! Tamp down the soil gently. We are cutting heavily from the mums from the last week of October to the third week in November. I have ordered from King’s but my plants are not great. Even while loathing the many (many!) Many varieties of garden mums have been bred. Early-blooming mums can be cut back or allowed to flower. The general rule of thumb is to begin after all danger of frost has passed. and so the cycle continues so we have a massive number of plants by the time we plant them out in the field (usually the first week of May). The main stems of the plant are thick and super sturdy so they hold up well to being out in the open field. This system works for us but may not work for every farm depending on the end consumer. As the petals open, they soften to a lavender tone that is beyond lovely when mixed with Candid and Apricot Alexis, as well as late season dahlias like Cafe au Lait and Voodoo. Thank you, However, in warm climates, the plants often appreciate some shade during the heat of the afternoon. Buds are especially cute for boutonnieres. You will rarely find named mums in garden centers. Our November weddings and Thanksgiving centerpieces are heavily reliant on the mums. Those slender stems do mean that it’s prone to toppling in heavy storms. Tiny spikes of blue, purple, white, or violet flowers appear in late summer or early fall and are about 12" - â¦ The most straightforward and fastest method is through division. Liriope is salt tolerant and deer resistant. Otherwise you may experience a high mortality rate due to root rot, rather than frost. This Is My Garden is a gardening website created by gardeners, for gardeners! Water should drain freely through the soil and out the bottom of the pot when watering. Your post here was very helpful. Jennie, The plants were not particularly robust for us so Moira may not be the best cultivar for growers focused on wholesale production. Cool temperatures donât bother mums, either. Light frost can damage opening buds though so if you can protect them, do so. If you have high temperatures, particularly at nighttime, it can cause the plant to flower later than it usually would. Mums are ideally supported with two levels of Hortnova netting, though if plants get too big before we get around to putting netting on, they get supported with stakes and twine. Though some varieties are invasive, Liriope Muscari is a clumping type. I just got my order from the new King’s Mums and was so excited to come back and revisit your post to see what I should do with my plugs. As the spring flowers die back, the mums will fill in and hide their unattractive fading foliage. Mid-season mums bloom in late September through October. Plant Needs. Generally, flowering will be most profuse if they are grown in full sun. Spider â Appropriately named for their long, curling petals that look like spiders sitting on top of stems, spider mums are one of the more unusual chrysanthemum plant types.Examples include Anastasia and Cremon. Refer to the A-Z Quick Reference Guide to determine the approximate flowering date for each variety. The little curled ends of the petals are incredibly precious. You can get a time-released fertilizer (12-6-6), which feeds the plants for about three months. Midseason and late mums are best in the South. If it’s cold, they don’t make it. Unfortunately, mums as cut flowers in the United States suffered quite a blow when flower production was globalized in the 70s and 80s. 7) Honeyglow Soggy soil can cause root rot and other diseases. When selecting varieties, thereâs wide range of types to pick from: decorative, daisy, and low-growing cushion mums as well as early-blooming anemones, quills, and spiders. One never stops learning and I appreciate your sharing with so many. The new European-style Prophets Series â from Greenhouse Grower , an Ohio-based wholesale breeder and nursery â boasts more than 100 blossoms per plant. Spider mums are incredibly unique but sometimes tricky to use in wedding floral designs. It is an early bloomer so if you’re considering it for Thanksgiving sales, make sure you have a cooler so you can hold it a week or two if needed. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. It’s super productive and great grown as a spray. Often called “the golden flower”, their blooms are infused with folklore the world over. Hope you have a great 2019 season! That way any new growth forced by the nutrients will not be in danger of damage from icy weather. Click to see full answer. Regular sprays are important as buds begin to form since the aphids like to snuggle down in the unfolding petals. All of the following are available from King’s Mums. On the plus side, mums contain a toxin called pyrethrin, used in commercial insecticides, making it a natural insect repellent. Hooray for the reintroduction of so many beautiful heirloom varieties, and thank you for encouraging the use of in-season flowers. Possibly one of my top five favorites of any flowers, particularly for wedding designs! If you choose to move the plants, do so before the first hard freeze. But when planted in mixed borders, they will end your garden season with a bang. Thank you so much for sharing! Thanks! Beginning in the 1920s, U of M researchers were selecting and breeding mums for early flowering; none bloomed before Minnesota's killing frosts. I would surely think Honeyglow and Lynn Johnson would be good bets for you as they bloom early. The most popular of the spoon mums is âKimieâ, showing off golden yellow petals in a single row around a tight center disk. A new cultivar to us this year, but firmly in the favorites list and definitely a repeat, this very warm peachy gold bloom is superb for wedding work. That means they are putting an awful lot of energy into blooming, not growing roots. Beautiful. Buds are especially cute for boutonnieres. The original species are often unclear, but horticulturalists generally categorize garden mums by flower shape: There are also shorter, mounding varieties of mums generally grouped as "cushion" mums. Their hardiness, plus their ability to be pinched back during the summer so they won't bloom until fall, make these jewel-toned beauties a welcome splash in the garden at a time when most summer flowers have faded. Where freezes come early, you should plant early-blooming mums. Ball Garden Mums are classified into Early, Mid, Late and Very Late flowering varieties. It’s definitely staying in the rotation. Plant these flowers in clusters in rock gardens, along paths, or under a lawn. We â¦ Hugs to you too, Nancy! It takes a considerable amount of effort to manipulate this genetic trait to be able to take advantage of the very early and late-season sale opportunities. If you put several layers of frost cloth (Agribon/Remay) over them, supported by low hoops so the fabric doesn’t touch the small plants, then, yes, they should be okay. We do not disbud at the farm. In fact, chilly weather intensifies colors and keeps blossoms looking fresh until a hard, killing frost drops the curtain on the gardening year. I could not love this post more! Fill the bottom of the new pot with good quality potting soil. The "Minn" series of cushion mums are early bloomers and also come in a variety of colors. But mums can definitely do well out in the open field if you don’t have a hoop house. I do not have any other mum suppliers that I have used, but you can be sure I’m currently on the hunt for some. When fully open, it has a large cushion in the middle. Is there another source you recommend? Some signs include leaf and stem damage, webbing on the plants, and visible insects. Absolutely my number one favorite mum of all time! Early season mums will initiate flowering during longer days, and late season varieties initiate flowering when day length is shorter. I’m in Colorado in zone 5. To bypass this problem in hotter climates, look for cultivars with higher heat tolerance. As you might expect with a flower that's been in cultivation for so long, the pedigree of garden mums is impossible to trace. I bet gladiola are gonna make their come back one day! I am getting many different results while researching online and am just wondering what worked best for you? Mums are very popular with bees and butterflies, too. Your email address will not be published. The pinched piece gets dipped in rooting hormone (also available from King’s Mums) and then rooted on a heating mat in a deep plug tray. While working at Longwood Gardens, one of the most renown hubs for mum production in the US, I learned the fine art of disbudding and pinching for highest quality blooms. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Heat delay can cause irregularly formed flower buds, erratic flowering, deformation of the plant’s crown, and other developmental issues. Jennie, thank you for sharing your vast mum knowledge! Therefore, a heat delay in early season cultivars can be partially overcome by providing a 10-hour day (14-hour night). What a beautiful site! If plants are dry in the morning make sure to irrigate thoroughly and evenly. Belgian Hardy Mums are not your ordinary fall-flowering, winter-hardy chrysanthemums. Although formerly referred to as Dendranthema morifolium, plant taxonomy now classifies chrysanthemums as Chrysanthemum morifolium. Mums do contain substances that are toxic to cats, dogs, and horses, so take care to plant them where they won't tempt curious animals. Mum plants can be split and divided in early spring if they become too large over the years. I use potting soil — ProMix BX to be exact. Thanks for such an informative post about varieties and growing techniques for these beauties! Mums grow best in full sun. Always a looker and highly productive, this little beauty tends to bloom more warm mauve than coral for us (see above photo). Garden mums are often purchased already flowering in containers. In a small study we performed with three Cheryl mum varieties, which are late season varieties, plants grown at a day and night temperature of 95 and 77 F flowered at the same time whether the photoperiod was 10 or 12 hours long. If the winter is mild, the ones in the field will overwinter as well. When you put the plant in the new pot, the surface of the soil should be an inch below the lip of the new pot. The cushion habit of mums, a genetic discovery of Experiment Station mum breeders, was the basis for the U of M's first plant patent, in 1977, for 'Minngopher.' Do not prune them back after frost has turned them brown. Plant in well-drained soil and avoid oversaturation. If grown under the cover of a hoop house, they can easily keep blooming well through Thanksgiving here in Philadelphia. Thus, a particular mum variety may be early-, midseason-, or late-blooming. Mocha’s soft toffee color helps it bridge the gap between weird/funky and elegant. Have you re-thought your support system for your mums yet or are you still using the netting? Established plants should be lifted and divided every two to three years. Mix a few of these in with Apricot Alexis and Candid in a bouquet or centerpiece for instant drama and color harmony. It’s super productive and the best of the many whites I’ve tried over the years. Wonderful for centerpieces with hefty blooms that make designing quick. The name truly fits this type of mum, which sprouts beautiful spoon-shaped petals. All garden mum varieties have their genetically determined flowering time under natural day conditions. I’m afraid we no longer grow mums at our farm and so we don’t have any cuttings. It is an excellent way to double your plants for free. Aphids are a big problem on these though so plan accordingly. Planting these specimens in the garden in late summer or early fall does not guarantee sufficient time for the plants to become established. Dear Barbara: There are early, mid-season and late mums and you can find the variety to suit your timing, but you probably will have to order it from a catalog or online nursery. About This Is My Garden. My favorite time to use it is actually when the blooms are about half open so it looks more like a quill than a spider. Usually rooted cuttings aren’t as robust as a typical baby transplant so they’ll need a little time in a pot first before planting out in the field. Your classic orange mum, Honeyglow is ridiculously productive and easy to grow. Break up any roots you can, but do not damage the roots. by Jennie Love | Nov 4, 2013 | Farming | 32 comments. Thank you for spending the time to demystify mums for me. and you never know…maybe next year the dreaded gladiola will make a comeback :)))), Too funny, Betsy! Just wondering what kind of medium you plant the mum cuttings in? Instead of Hortonova, they were using 10′ long metal concrete reinfocement panels with the long sides bent down at 90 degree angles and then placed over the beds as their growing supports. Would you consider selling a few rooted cutting next spring?thanks. these are stunning! The Igloo series brings unprecedented uniformity and flower power to the late Summer/early Autumn perennial border. Definitely a keeper! I loved having the mums, but I needed to find a better balance in my life so I decided to shave a few weeks off my sales and have a little more peace and quiet in my life. Best grown under cover if you can but perfectly fine out in the field too. Like all mums, it’s got a very long shelf life. I sure wish I could have worked at Longwood. You should definitely give them a try!! Unfortunately, mums as cut flowers in the United States suffered quite a blow when flower production was globalized in the 70s and 80s. Hardy from zones 4-10. Most of our mums are field grown, but about 25-30 plants go into the hoop house as well. I know, it’s truly heartbreaking. However, there are varieties that are truly perennial in most climates when planted in the early spring or in the fall several weeks before the first frost. This means that some of the water or â¦ Hi there! Your email address will not be published. My second favorite mum of all time, the rich ruby red of this bloom is unlike any other I’ve seen. These flowers can handle several soil types, but they do best in rich soil that has sharp drainage. Would you say in zone 7 late March it would be okay to plant out rooted cuttings from King’s in low tunnels due to cramped indoor space? Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, Garden mum, garden chrysanthemum, hardy chrysanthemum, hardy mum, mum, 4 to 36 inches tall and 12 to 36 inches wide (size varies depending on the variety), Gold, white, off-white, yellow, bronze (rust), red, burgundy, pink, lavender, and purple, Growing Hardy Chrysanthemums in Containers, How to Grow Hardy Mum (Chrysanthemum morifolium) Plant, Calibrachoa (Million Bells) Plant Profile, Purple Coneflower (Echinacea) Plant Profile. Spacing is 12″ apart, two rows in a three foot wide bed. Thus, they are best planted next to early bloomers. This flower is very closely related to Scilla (Blue Siberian Squills). For optimal blooming, the plants should be fertilized regularly throughout the growing season. 5) Mocha The chrysanthemum has long been admired as a bloom of much significance in several cultures, particularly their native homeland, China. Great for bridal bouquets and centerpieces alike. hours of disbudding in the greenhouse, I was incredibly inspired by their beauty and the idea of re-introducing the more unique heirloom cultivars into the cut flower industry. They are beautiful and I have a feeling King’s Mums will be very busy taking orders. I do that with my dahlias and far prefer it over the netting! You can propagate mums several ways: division, seeds, and cuttings. I just put up a post on them on my blog nothing to compare with yours, just a little ode to their beauty…all so lovely. The flowers are 1" acrossâpurple and pink varieties are on the market. There is one tragic downside to Apricot Alexis that is important to note. Each plant is hugely productive so a small amount goes a long way. It was there that I first saw a catalog from King’s Mums. Mocha would be best in a hoop house. I never really found them pretty. The roots have taken up the entire pot, which makes it really hard for the soil to retain any water. Repotting is the single most important thing you can do to increase the longevity of your mums. xo. I’m wondering if corralling would make harvesting a bit easier and still would hold them up. White mums seem to be especially prone to aphid pressure. After the blooms fade, cut the plants down to about 6 inches, and cover them with straw or another dry mulch to protect the roots over winter. we never order mums – but these I want! Cool weather is just what pansies prefer, blooming in cool spring weather or in the fall. Most importantly, to me at least, is that they make a very tough and long lasting cut flower. Mums require a lot of water. I will update the post if I should find some. They are prolific blooming, easy to grow, hardy mums and are available in a huge range of colors.Hardy â Belgian Hardy Mums will over-winter in many areas with the proper care. We also fertilize heavily with fish emulsion and kelp. Make sure you have soil, not air surrounding the roots. Itâs super productive and the best of the many whites Iâve tried over the years. Furthermore, because mums flower so late in the season, they are nondescript, though not unattractive, in the garden until blooming time. are herbaceous perennials in the daisy family and are stalwarts of the flowering autumn garden. Weekly feeding with a diluted water-soluble fertilizer can prolong the blooming. If you are purchasing multiple potted mums for a front porch or for fall landscape decorations, choose several varieties so that you will have continuous blooms. It’s too labor intensive for our small operation/team. 9) Moira Some mums are early bloomers, while others are mid-season bloomers or late-blooming varieties. In warmer climates, consider heat delay. Our rooted cuttings from King’s are grown on in four inch pots in the heated greenhouse from March through May. A very reliable producer, it’s great grown as a spray with long enough laterals that you can split the main stem apart to use smaller side stems in centerpieces. Flowers very nicely as a spray. Buds are also great in boutonnieres. The color is a really nice warm tone so it mixes nicely with Candid and Seatons Ruby for autumn centerpieces. If your plant has visible damage or just seems to be failing to thrive, a disease might be the culprit. One of the only flowers I know that displays a true gold quality at the tip of its petals. Thanks a ton for sharing-while I was reading it I had to keep getting up and walking around because I was too exited to sit. . I was also thrilled to see I chose so many of the cultivators you mentioned above. When garden centers sell blooming potted mums in the fall, they are usually used as annuals and discarded when the blooms fade. I would love to grow Moira Chrysanthemums in my garden (from being swayed by the pictures on this page!) These hardy blooms can handle light frost without flinching and many have the same dramatic beauty of dahlias.